We all know that insurance is essential as it ensures the financial security of people whenever an emergency and retirement happens. It is a huge provider of help that can either extend or transform lives. Given that, here are the other things we need to know about insurance to help us to take the early steps towards financial security.

Defining Insurance

Insurance refers to the contract that is policy represented wherein we, as an entity or individual, receive reimbursement or financial security against our chosen insurance company’s losses. Our company is responsible for polling the risks of clients to make affordable payments for our insurances.

Also, there are policies in insurance that are utilized to hedge against any risk of financial loss, either small or big. This is because of the possibility of reaching the result wherein insurance, and even property damages take place. It can also be damage caused to a third party.

Key Points:

  • Insurance is simply the contract or policy that we, as insurers, indemnify one another against with regards to financial loss from perils or specific contingencies.
  • Policies of insurance come in a variety of types. Here, we have the homeowner type, auto, health, and life as the most common insurance forms.
  • The main component of an insurance policy is that it is premium, policy limit, and deductible. With all of these combined, effective, and worth it, insurance is guaranteed to each one of us.

Moreover, several businesses require special insurance-type policies to ensure that protection against any risk is observed. If we own a business and are looking forward to protecting it effectively, then having insurance for it is a big must. For example, if we own a fast-food restaurant, of course, we are required to have a policy that covers injury or damage brought by a deep fryer. If we own auto, we can file for insurance covering the possible injury brought by an accident in case it happens.

Now, for us to select only the best policy for the sake of our own and our family, we need to be attentive to the three components that must be observed in an insurance policy- the premium, policy limit, and deductible traits.

Another thing, there are several insurance policies made available for specific needs. This includes kidnap and ransom, professional liability insurance or the errors and omissions insurance, and medical malpractice.

Components of an Insurance Policy


Price is what we call the premium of a policy, and it is usually expressed as the monthly cost. It is determined through an insurer’s efforts based on them or the risks of our business profile, if applicable, that can also include creditworthiness. An example of this is when we own several automobiles that are bought at expensive prices and have histories of being driven recklessly. Now, we are required to pay more than a single mid-range sedan does to receive a good driving record. But, the insurers may charge us differently for similar policies. That’s why searching for the best rice for us needs to be done effectively.

Policy Limit

Next, we have the policy limit, which refers to the maximum amount to be paid by an insurer under the covered loss policy. The maximums can be periodically set, such as a policy term or annually per injury or loss, or over the policy life known as the lifetime maximum.

If we have higher limits, then it proportionally means that there will be higher premiums, such as for general life insurance, an insurer’s maximum amount will be called the face value. This is the amount that is paid as the beneficiary of the insured.


Lastly, we have the deductible, which refers to the specific amount we have as the policyholder, and thus, we are required to pay before any insurer claimed to pay it. The deductibles serve as our deterrents when it comes to large volumes of insignificant and small claims.

Also, deductibles can be applied on per-claim or per-policy depending on us and the type of policy we have. Still, suppose we own a policy that has relatively high deductibles. In that case, we typically have less expensive payments brought by the out-of-the-pocket expenses resulting in fewer and smaller claims.

In conclusion, the above should provide an overview of the components of an insurance policy and how you can purchase one to meet your needs.